Kyoto is capital of the small province of Yamashiro: it is the spiritual, intellectual and administrative centre of Japan. Both the Ashikaga Shogun and the Emperor reside here, and holding Yamashiro should be the main objective for any daimyo aspiring to subdue and rule Japan. Even today, Kyoto has retained its status as the heart of traditional Japanese culture. With its numerous shrines, temples and cultural events it is the second most popular tourist destination in Japan, receiving over thirty million visitors each year.